||This research explored the capacity of whanau (family, extended family) to overcome adversity, flourish and enjoy better health and well-being. While external factors, internal dynamics, and financial pressures often constrain capacity, whānau have nevertheless demonstrated an innate ability to respond to these challenges – to make use of limited resources, and to react in positive and innovative ways. Three key objectives were identified to help seek and understand Maori notions of whānau resilience and how they are utilised by whanau for positive growth and development. The three objectives were:
1. To identify resilience mechanisms which exist within whānau;
2. To consider the cultural underpinnings of resilience; and
3. To construct an evidenced based framework for resilient whānau.
A thematic analysis detailed the components of a Whānau Resilience Framework. The framework consists of four resilience platforms: (1) Whanaungatanga (networks and relationships); (2) Pukenga (skills and abilities); (3) Tikanga (values and beliefs); and (4) Tuakiri-a-Maori (cultural identity). This thesis highlights both the synergies and dissonance between Māori and non-Māori perspectives of resilience and how cultural factors might best guide Māori and whānau development. Insofar as this framework exhibits similar resilience strategies to other populations, it is at the micro-level where there are differences between Maori and other cultures or populations.