Select All    Deselect All
 |   | 
Details
   print
  Record Links
Author (up) Clough, AR.; Lee, KS.; Cairney, S.; Maruff, P.; O'Reilly, B.; d'Abbs, P.; Conigrave, KM.. url 
  Title Changes in cannabis use and its consequences over 3 years in a remote indigenous population in northern Australia Type Journal Article
  Year 2006 Publication Addiction Abbreviated Journal  
  Volume 101 Issue 5 Pages 696-705  
  Keywords Substance Abuse; Demographic Factors; Indigenous Research; Medical Health; Mental Health Services; Cannabis use; Australia; Aboriginal Health; McNemar's Test; Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test; auditory hallucinations; Suici* (suicide, suicidal); suicidal ideation; imprisonment  
  Abstract BACKGROUND: Few studies describe cannabis use in indigenous populations, and no longitudinal studies are available in Australia. We conducted 3-year follow-up interviews and assessments in Aboriginal communities in Arnhem Land (Northern Territory, NT).METHODS: A randomly selected sample (n = 161; 80 males, 81 females aged 13-36 years) was assessed in October 2001 and then reassessed in September 2004. An opportunistically recruited sample (n = 104; 53 males, 51 females aged 13-36 years) was also interviewed in 2001 and followed-up in 2004. Cannabis and other substance use were determined by combining proxy assessments by local Aboriginal health workers, medical records and data from interviews. Changes in cannabis use and symptoms of misuse were assessed using McNemar's test for paired proportions and the Wilcoxon signed rank test. Logistic regression assessed associations between clinical presentations and cannabis use at both time-points.RESULTS: Those who used cannabis at both baseline and follow-up were at greater risk than those who never used it to have suffered: auditory hallucinations; suicidal ideation; and imprisonment. In the randomly selected cohort there were fewer cannabis users at follow-up than at baseline (P = 0.003). The reduction was evident in females generally (P = 0.008) and older males (aged = 16 at baseline) (P = 0.007). In those interviewed at both baseline and follow-up we measured no statistically significant reduction in frequency and levels of use, although fewer cannabis users reported symptoms of misuse such as: fragmented thought processes; memory disruption; difficulties controlling use; and auditory and visual hallucinations.CONCLUSIONS: Modest reductions in cannabis use and its consequences in this population were demonstrated. These may be the result of enhanced supply control and broader socio-political changes.  
  Address  
  Corporate Author Thesis  
  Publisher Place of Publication Editor  
  Notes Approved no  
  Call Number TRM @ admin @ Clough,A.R.,Lee,K.S.K.,Cairney,S.,Maruff,P.,O’Reilly,B.,d’Abbs,P.,etal.-Changesincannabisuseanditsconsequencesover3yearsinaremoteindigenouspopulationinnorthernAustralia. Serial 112  
Permanent link to this record
Select All    Deselect All
 |   | 
Details
   print

Save Citations: